Action plan for the development of the hottest agr

2022-07-30
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Action plan for the development of agricultural products processing industry (July 29, 2002)

1. it is very important to understand the model of the electronic universal testing machine. In order to reasonably integrate various agricultural product processing industry development elements such as policies, funds, technologies, projects, information and services, correctly guide and give full play to the role of the government, enterprises and various service organizations in supporting the agricultural product processing industry, and promote the sustainable, rapid and healthy development of China's agricultural product processing industry, Formulate the action plan for the development of agricultural product processing industry (hereinafter referred to as the "action plan")

the action areas of the "action plan" are mainly the functional scope of the Ministry of agriculture and agricultural departments at all levels (agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery, land reclamation, township enterprises, agricultural mechanization). The implementation period of the "action plan" for accelerating the development of new ceramic aluminum material industry in Huaibei City is from 2002 to 2005

2. background according to the opinions on doing a good job in agriculture and rural work in 2002 (ZF [2002] No. 2) issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council, we should focus on agricultural product processing industry and rural service industry to accelerate the development of rural secondary and tertiary industries

the Ministry of agriculture regards the implementation of the "action plan" as one of the important carriers for agricultural administrative departments to organize agricultural and rural economic work in the future, and decides to organize the implementation of the "action plan" throughout the country

the strategic adjustment of China's agricultural and rural economic structure has been carried out for several years, and remarkable results have been achieved. At the same time, the problem that the development of agricultural product processing industry lags behind is becoming increasingly prominent, which has become an important factor restricting the further adjustment of agricultural structure. It puts forward urgent requirements for accelerating the development of agricultural product processing and tortuous testing (astmd790, d6272 and ISO178)

after China's accession to the world trade organization, the development environment and trade environment of township enterprises have undergone great changes. It is required to vigorously develop new industries and products and speed up the pace of industrial structure adjustment and upgrading. Agricultural product processing industry is a new growth point of township enterprises with great development potential. Township enterprises need to support and drive the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure with the great development of agricultural product processing industry

"action plan" is prepared on the basis of the Tenth Five Year Plan for national economic and social development, the Tenth Five Year Plan for agricultural and rural economic development, the Tenth Five Year Plan for the development of major agricultural product processing industry, the Tenth Five Year Plan for the development of township enterprises, the national outline for scientific and technological progress and various relevant comprehensive and industrial development plans issued by the Ministry of agriculture

3. development foundation since the reform and opening up, China's agricultural product processing industry has made great progress. By the end of 2001, the national agricultural product processing enterprises above Designated Size had achieved an added value of 696.8 billion yuan, 15.13 million employees, an export delivery value of 509 billion yuan, and a profit and tax of 271.8 billion yuan, accounting for about 26% of similar indicators in the country. The output value of agricultural product processing industry is equivalent to 85% of agricultural output value. The scale of the enterprises has gradually expanded, and a large number of backbone leading enterprises, specialized townships and villages for processing agricultural products have emerged, gradually forming a characteristic block group. The new benefit mechanism between enterprises, bases and farmers is gradually improving. It has laid a good foundation for the development of China's agricultural product processing industry in the future

since the 1980s, China has built a large number of production bases for commercial grain, cotton, oil, sugar, natural rubber, lean meat pigs and aquatic products, which have not only formed a considerable scale of product production capacity and agricultural technical service capacity, but also preliminarily formed a specialized production and regional layout, becoming a stable raw material foundation for China's agricultural product processing industry

the Chinese government has always regarded the production and processing of agricultural products as the key field of scientific research, and has formed a large number of scientific research achievements in the processing of agricultural products. Agricultural product processing standards and agricultural information service construction have also achieved certain results, laying a good scientific research and service foundation for the development of agricultural product processing industry

some practical supporting policies and measures have been adopted for the agricultural product processing industry in all regions, which provide experience for reference and promotion. It has laid a good policy foundation for the development of China's agricultural product processing industry

4. main problems

the development level is low. China's output of major agricultural products such as grain, fruit, meat, eggs and aquatic products has ranked first in the world, but there is still a big gap between China and the world's advanced level in 2006 in terms of total processing volume and processing level. The ratio between the output value of agricultural products processing industry and agricultural output value in developed countries is mostly 2 7: 1, while China has only 0.6:1; Developed countries' industrial production of food accounts for 90% of consumption, while China only accounts for 25%; The output value of food industry in developed countries is about 1. 5% of that of agriculture Times, but less than 1/3 in China; In developed countries, the processing level of agricultural products has reached more than 80%, while in China, it is only 45%, of which the secondary or more deep processing accounts for only 20%

the enterprise is not strong. The vast majority of China's agricultural product processing enterprises are small-scale, and there are few large-scale famous brand enterprises or enterprise groups with strong competitiveness. The production and operation costs are high, and the product quality is unstable

backward technology and equipment. At present, 80% of the technical equipment of China's agricultural product processing enterprises are at the world average level in the 1920s, about 15% are at the level in the 1990s, and only about 5% have reached the international advanced level

raw material production is not suitable. China's agricultural product variety innovation and breeding technology system is backward, the variety is single, the degree of specialization and quality of agricultural products are not high, the production scale is small, the degree of organization is low, and the balanced supply capacity is poor, which is far from the requirements of the development of processing industry

insufficient scientific and Technological Development and reserves. The scientific and Technological Development and research forces of China's agricultural product processing industry are scattered, the scientific research funds are short, the basic technical reserves are seriously lacking, and the transformation cycle of scientific research achievements is long; There is also a lack of policy support for technological innovation of enterprises, which lags behind the development requirements of agricultural product processing industry

processing standards and quality control system are not sound. There are few quality and safety indicators such as pesticide residue and veterinary drug residue limit in product standards, which can not meet the needs of the people for consumption safety. The content of standard technology is low, which is far from the actual needs of agricultural production development. The rate of international standard acquisition is low, and the connection with international standards is not enough. The construction of agricultural product quality inspection institutions is slow. There is a big gap between the number of quality inspection institutions and the actual needs of the society. There are few high-end and sophisticated inspection institutions and comprehensive inspection institutions. The inspection ability is weak, the inspection speed is slow, and the test environment conditions are poor. The quality of inspection personnel needs to be improved

insufficient policy support. In terms of credit, taxation, investment, etc., there are few supportive policies for the agricultural product processing industry. There is no obvious advantage in the competition between enterprises engaged in agricultural product processing and enterprises engaged in other product production, which affects the enthusiasm of investors and the development of the agricultural product processing industry

the management system is not smooth. The lack of unified planning, classified guidance and unified coordination in the guidance and management of the agricultural product processing industry has led to the disconnection of pre production, mid production and post production, which has become one of the main factors affecting the development of the agricultural product processing industry

5. objectives and tasks

development objectives. By 2005, the primary conversion rate of agricultural product processing will reach 55%, and the secondary deep processing will reach more than 35%. In particular, the proportion of output value of the food processing industry and the structure and quality of processed agricultural products will be significantly improved. The processing conversion rate and product quality of bulk agricultural products have reached the current level of industrial developed countries, and some characteristic products have reached the international advanced level. In the future, the agricultural product processing industry should continue to maintain a certain growth rate, focus on improving the scientific and technological content of the processing industry, further optimize the structure, gradually realize specialized production, regional layout and industrialized operation, and form a number of leading enterprises and famous brand products with strong competitiveness in the international market. The technical equipment and product quality for processing bulk agricultural products have reached the level of developed countries in the same period, and some characteristic products have reached the world advanced level

guiding ideology. Closely centering on the main line of strategic adjustment of the national economy and agricultural structure, focusing on improving the overall quality of agriculture and increasing farmers' income, taking the market as the guide, relying on scientific and technological progress, we will strive to improve the comprehensive processing capacity of agricultural products, realize the transformation from primary processing to high-value-added intensive processing, from traditional processing technology to modern high-tech, and from resource consumption to efficient utilization, While giving priority to supporting the development of large and medium-sized processing enterprises, we will implement the all-round development of large, medium and small processing enterprises, realize the production base of raw materials for the agricultural product processing industry, make agricultural products and their processed products of high quality and safety, and integrate production, processing and marketing, so as to promote the coordinated development of agriculture and rural economy

development principle. Guided by the market, while consolidating the domestic urban consumer market, we will strive to expand the vast rural, small towns and international markets. Give play to regional comparative advantages in resources, economy, market and technology, and gradually form an industrial belt for agricultural product production and processing. Rely on scientific and technological progress, strengthen enterprise management, promote standardized production, develop intensive processing, and improve product quality and grade. Take measures to support development and create a good development environment for the agricultural product processing industry

6. key areas

grain processing products. Focusing on the deep processing of wheat, corn, potato, soybean and rice, it is necessary to carry out postpartum treatment such as grain drying. Wheat processing mainly produces high-quality and high-grade food, and develops various "green food", "organic food" and medium and low-grade products that meet the general consumption level; Corn processing, based on corn starch, is developing towards deep processing and comprehensive utilization; Potato processing is based on starch and frozen flour chips, developing modified starch and other products. Soybean will focus on intensive processing. Rice will focus on developing new products such as selenium rich, Amoy free, refined and clean rice and instant rice

meat, egg, dairy products and feed processing. Raw meat products will focus on the development of deep processed meat products such as pigs, cattle, sheep, chickens, ducks and rabbits, and guide the development of fresh meat products towards pre cooled meat, small packaging and fine segmentation; Cooked meat products are developing in the direction of multi variety, serialization, full nutrition, fine packaging, easy storage and easy consumption; At the same time, comprehensive utilization and drug extraction of by-products of animal organs such as pigs, poultry, cattle and sheep should be done well. Egg products focus on solving the traditional eating methods, and develop in the direction of graded packaging, separation and extraction of egg white and yolk, processing of egg white and yolk powder, and production of all kinds of food with egg nutrition. Dairy products should strengthen the development of varieties, and do a good job in product grading, classification and packaging. The feed industry is based on the development of chicken, pig, duck, fish, shrimp, cattle, sheep and rabbit feeds, actively developing unconventional feed resources and special animal feeds, so as to coordinate the development of feed industry and breeding industry

fruit processing. Focus on supporting the development of graded packaging, storage and preservation, cold chain transportation, intensive processing and comprehensive utilization of fruits. Accelerate the introduction and cultivation of new and excellent varieties suitable for processing, introduce, digest and absorb foreign fruit commercialization processing equipment and technology, and gradually establish and improve the fruit transportation and marketing cold chain system. On the basis of steadily improving the primary processing, fruit processing should vigorously develop intensive processing and comprehensive utilization by using modern technology and equipment. Focus on developing fruit juice, fruit juice beverage, canned food, fruit wine and other products with large market capacity, broad prospects and export competitiveness

aquatic products

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