Action plan for transformation and upgrading of sh

2022-07-27
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The direction of the action plan for transformation and upgrading of the shipbuilding industry against the cold winter of the market Abstract: looking back on the performance of the shipbuilding market in 2016, it is not good. According to the Ministry of industry and information technology of China, from January to December 2016, the national shipbuilding completion volume was 35.32 million deadweight tons, a year-on-year decrease of 15.6%, including 11.72 million revised gross tons for seagoing ships; New orders for ships reached 21.07 million deadweight tons, a year-on-year decrease of 32.6%, including 7.31 million revised gross tons for seagoing ships

reviewing the performance of the ship market in 2016, it is not good. According to the Ministry of industry and information technology of China, from January to December 2016, the national shipbuilding completion volume was 35.32 million deadweight tons, a year-on-year decrease of 15.6%, including 11.72 million revised gross tons for seagoing ships; New orders for ships reached 21.07 million deadweight tons, a year-on-year decrease of 32.6%, including 7.31 million revised gross tons for seagoing ships. By the end of december2016, the number of orders for hand-held ships had reached 99.61 million deadweight tons, down 19% from that at the end of 2015, including 32.25 million revised gross tons for seagoing ships and 92.6% for export ships. A number of data show that China's ship market is in a downward trend, which is the same as the background of the reduction of global ship market demand

compared with the markets of other countries in the world, in 2016, the market share of China's three major shipbuilding indicators remained the world leader, with shipbuilding completion, new orders and hand-held orders accounting for 35.6%, 65.2% and 43.9% of the world market share respectively, of which the completion ranked second, and both new orders and hand-held orders ranked first

the industrial concentration was further improved. The shipbuilding completion of the top 10 enterprises in China accounted for 56.9% of the country, an increase of 3.5 percentage points over 2015; There is a clear trend that new ship orders are concentrated in advantageous enterprises. The number of new orders received by the top 10 enterprises accounts for 74.7% of the country, an increase of 4.1 percentage points over 2015

on January 12, the Ministry of industry and information technology, jointly with the development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of finance, the people's Bank of China, the CBRC and the State Administration of science, technology and industry for National Defense issued the action plan for deepening structural adjustment and accelerating transformation and upgrading of the shipbuilding industry (2016-2020), which shows the next development direction of China's shipbuilding industry

the plan will vigorously support excellent and strong enterprises, which will become the top priority. It is an important signal to strive to enter the ranks of world shipbuilding powers and advanced countries in offshore engineering equipment manufacturing

the action plan also proposes that the industrial concentration will be further improved, and the shipbuilding completion volume of the top 10 shipbuilding enterprises will account for more than 70% of the national total. That is to say, a number of world-class advanced ship and marine engineering equipment manufacturing enterprises with strong core competitiveness will be formed to pay attention to shutting down the main motor source; The supporting capacity has been significantly enhanced. The average loading rates of the three major mainstream ship types, namely bulk carriers, oil tankers and container ships, high-tech ships and localized equipment for offshore engineering equipment have reached more than 80%, 60% and 40% respectively. China has become a major shipping equipment manufacturing country and power in the world

in terms of technology, it will organize and implement a number of major innovative projects and special projects, such as large cruise ships, intelligent ships, marine low-speed machines, the seventh generation deepwater drilling platforms, etc. We will implement the action plan to enhance the capacity of the ship supporting industry and support the innovation and industrialization of key supporting equipment. In addition, backbone shipbuilding enterprises are encouraged to actively carry out overseas mergers and acquisitions, invest and build factories overseas, establish overseas R & D centers, experimental bases and global marketing and after-sales service systems

according to the data of last year, most orders of seagoing ships are overseas orders, so the domestic market needs to actively cultivate new economic growth points

then where is the new economic growth point? The plan also puts forward the general direction. Among them, civil ships will rise rapidly, which means that ships will develop to the general consumer industry

in the future, relevant departments will formulate a national master plan for cruise tourism development, and accelerate the cultivation and development of cruise and yacht tourism markets. Adapt to the trend of accelerating the release of traditional high-end consumption potential such as domestic cruise ships, accelerate the independent design and construction of cruise ships, and vigorously develop the design and manufacturing of small and medium-sized yachts and new yachts. Optimize the layout of cruise ports, improve yacht license requirements, operation regulations and insurance system, and explore pilot yacht leasing business

the plan also proposes to promote the in-depth military civilian integration development, further strengthen the scientific research work of marine military to civilian and dual-use technologies, and support both military and civilian technologies to strive to improve the two-way transfer and transformation of technology

in order to achieve the above objectives, the action plan proposes to increase financial support. Promote the improvement of policies related to the mortgage of medical and health care ships under construction; Encourage and guide financial institutions to implement differentiated credit policies for the shipbuilding industry according to the actual situation; Increase direct financing support for shipbuilding enterprises, support qualified shipbuilding enterprises to go public for financing at home and abroad, issue various debt financing instruments, and optimize the financing structure; Encourage financial institutions to support the merger and reorganization of the shipbuilding industry and international production capacity cooperation

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