Actively and steadily promote the market-oriented

2022-07-27
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Actively and steadily promote the market-oriented trading of electricity and expand the scope of market players. The four industries of coal, steel, nonferrous metals and building materials have participated in the market-oriented trading in the process of power system reform. They have strong market awareness and rich market experience, and have a good foundation for the pilot comprehensive power release and development plan. Through the first try, it is conducive to fully restore the attributes of power commodities, straighten out and open up the price marketization formation mechanism of power and its upstream and downstream industries, and form a coordinated development pattern of price linkage, benefit sharing and risk sharing in the whole industry chain. The national development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration recently issued the notice on actively promoting power marketization trading and further improving the trading mechanism, All localities are required to further increase the scale of market-oriented electricity trading, speed up the plan for releasing and developing electricity, expand the scope of market players, and actively promote all kinds of market players to participate in power market trading

deepening the reform of electricity marketization concerns the overall situation of China's energy security and economic and social development. Since the launch of a new round of power system reform in 2015, China has made positive progress in the construction of power market, and gradually established a market-oriented trading system with clear rules, orderly organization, diverse forms and diverse subjects. According to statistics, in 2017, with the signing of annual and monthly direct trading contracts and platform centralized trading contracts, plus other trading varieties such as cross provincial and regional market-oriented trading and power generation rights trading, a total of 1.63 trillion kwh of market-oriented trading electricity was completed, a year-on-year increase of 45%, accounting for about 26% of the total social electricity consumption, and the average price reduction of kwh electricity was about 5 points. In the first half of this year, when various control modes can be smoothly switched, the market-oriented trading electricity will exceed 800billion kwh, an increase of 24.6% year-on-year

on this basis, accelerating the promotion of power market-oriented trading is not only in line with the trend, but also necessary for deepening reform. The notice proposes to further intensify efforts to promote the liberalization of power generation and utilization plan. In addition to clean energy, regulatory power and other priority power generation on the generation side, and in addition to residents, agriculture, important utilities and public welfare services on the user side, other operational power generation and utilization should be liberalized. Chinaplas, the world's second largest rubber and plastic industry exhibition, will be grandly held in the China Import and export commodities trade exhibition hall in Pazhou, Guangzhou on May 20 (2) 3, At the same time, we will actively encourage qualified priority power generation enterprises and priority power purchase users to participate in the market

in order to ensure a significant increase in the proportion of power market transactions, the circular decided to select four power users in the coal, steel, nonferrous metals and building materials industries to take the lead in the pilot of the comprehensive power release and development plan, and formulated relevant implementation plans accordingly. The reason why these four industries are selected as the new breakthrough and focus of reform is that they are highly market-oriented, have participated in market-oriented transactions in the process of power system reform, have strong market awareness and rich market experience, and have a good foundation for the pilot comprehensive power release and development plan. Through the first try, it is conducive to fully restore the attributes of power commodities, straighten out and open up the price marketization mechanism of power and its upstream and downstream industries, and form a coordinated development pattern of price linkage, benefit sharing and risk sharing in the whole industry chain. According to preliminary analysis, after the full liberalization of users in these four industries, the market-oriented trading power can be increased by 350billion kwh, which can increase the proportion of market-oriented trading power in the power consumption of the whole society by 5%

if it is an important measure to select key industries to fully develop the power consumption plan, improving the price formation mechanism is an important goal. In order to ensure the orderly and standardized power market transaction and realize the steady progress of reform, the notice puts forward a set of relevant mechanism designs with the improvement of the market transaction price adjustment mechanism as the core, and encourages the trading parties to sign medium and long-term market transaction contracts. On the basis of independent, voluntary and equal negotiation, the contract stipulates the establishment of fixed prices, "benchmark electricity price + floating mechanism", the price of electricity and coal Product price linkage or adjustment with other factors and other forms of market or price formation mechanisms such as preparation of assembly, adjustment process procedures and commissioning outline to disperse and reduce market risks

it is worth emphasizing that the notice clearly defines the work focus of "providing all the necessary information to ensure supply". In the process of promoting the reform, it is required to adhere to the principle of being active and prudent to ensure that users' safe and reliable power supply is not affected, and it is not allowed to interrupt users' power supply due to access to the power market. Power enterprises shall undertake minimum power supply, provide minimum power supply services to power users who have not signed direct transaction contracts with power generation enterprises for the time being, and power users who have participated in market-oriented transactions and quit, and charge electricity fees in accordance with relevant policies and regulations. In addition, in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the reform, all localities can set a transition period after the issuance of the document. During the transition period, the users who are allowed to release and develop the power utilization plan will still implement the catalog price, and the power generation enterprise's price will be determined by deducting the transmission and distribution price, government funds and additional fees from the catalog price

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